美式高中教师团队 | Haiku Poetry 徜徉在“三行诗”海之中

美式高中教师团队 | Haiku Poetry 徜徉在“三行诗”海之中

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                                                                       作者 | Iva Ticic     

                                                                         翻译 |  陈思曼 Jessie Chen


三行诗简介

HaiKu俳句:俳句是由中国古代的绝句传入日本后,发展成日本文化中的连歌演变而成。由“五-七-五”,共十七字音组成;以三句十七音为一首,首句五音,次句七音,末句五音。

英语俳句诗也同样有这样的音节限制,文笔简洁、流畅,通常第三句是诗歌的主题升华。文学史上的巨作《神曲》就是由这样的三行诗组成。

曾经获得国际诗歌比赛大奖并出版过英文诗集的IVA老师,记录了这次课堂教学并向我们推荐了学生们的部分作品。

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课堂记录  

Subject: ELA I

Teacher: Iva Ticic

A lesson on Haiku poetry

学科:ELA I

   老师: Iva Ticic

——“三行俳句诗”

This week the 9th grade students have learnt about haiku poetry – what it is, how to recognize a haiku and even how to write your own.


这周,9年级的学生学习“三行俳句诗”。俳句诗是什么,如何辨别俳句诗以及写出自己的诗歌。


We started the class by watching a little Powtoon video on what a haiku should be. The students were instructed about the haiku syllable count (5-7-5), its topic (mainly nature) and the three-line arrangement – with the last line having to be a surprise. They were given simple examples of haikus made following this formula. We then spent some time understanding and practicing how to count syllables – this was the most difficult part of the lesson for some students, but they started clapping to help themselves! One clap – one syllable! They soon got into it and were clapping out random words they thought of.


课堂由一段视频引入,介绍俳句诗是什么。学生们了解了诗歌的形式,主题以及3行诗句结构。俳句诗的第一行通常会介绍整首诗的主体(这首俳句是关于什么的)。第二行有七个音节,一般会描述俳句主体的具体动作。最后一行有五个音节,通常是全诗的中心主题所在。我们一起赏析了很多著名的诗歌,学生们开始掌握并理解了这种文体。于是我们开始做了一个活动,每个人轮流拍手,拍一次手,说一句诗歌,学生很快融入到这个活动中。


Then the students were given a handout with some Japanese haiku examples. Haikus such as this one was presented:

下面是日本一些诗歌欣赏:

Gray skies of winter

seem to go on forever

color of my soul


(anonymous)


Finally, we came to the part of the lesson where the students were asked to make their own haikus. I think they did very well! They got an A4 piece of colorful paper and were told to be careful about syllable count, lines and the grammar/spelling of their text. The topic was Winter, and I encouraged them to decorate their poems in any way they’d like to. Take a look at some of their creations hanging on our classroom wall! 


课堂的结尾,我给了学生一个主题:冬天,让学生写出自己的三行俳句诗,学生们把它制作成海报,装饰了教室。


学生作品欣赏  

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雪落在树上

星子在冷夜中眨眼

拾起一片做成星子派吧

—— Abby

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冬天来了

北风刺进我的眼

灯光温暖着我的心

——Gavin

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直到冬天结束

最后一场雪消融

新的希望诞生

——Yuki

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梅花盛开

温泉乡更加热闹了

你想来吗

——Samantha

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天冷了

圣诞前夜下了第一场雪

壁炉是暖的

——Deery

Cold December night
Moon and stars pave in the sky
Snow wakes up again
十二月的冷夜
月光和星子铺满天空

雪苏醒了

——Barnett

White snow fluttering
Quiet and lovely Christmas
I will wait for you
白雪飘飘
静谧而浪漫的圣诞节

我等着你的到来

——Tina

Flower of winter
Plum blossoms open in winter
Success from suffering
冬天的花儿开了
梅花绽放

经历着苦难的成功

——David






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